Archive for the ‘gluten-free’ Category

Flax Muffins – Revised Half Flax Recipe

Tuesday, November 12th, 2019

My husband really likes my flax muffins, but wanted a little less flax in them.  I also like these little breakfast buns and after tweaking a little from my pure flax version I’ve been eating more of them as well.  They are good split in half and toasted.  They are also gluten and rice free.

Travelling is a real problem for people who need gluten free options, and these little numbers are an easily portable gluten free bread substitute. My husband also reacts to rice, and often rice is the main ingredient in GF breads, etc. so these have been a real mainstay when we travel.

I bake them in a muffin top pan, which are hard to find now but available from mail order places.  They also freeze very well. 

Flax Breakfast Muffins

Recipe developed by Shelley Mierle,

Ingredients Method
Dry Ingredients:

100 g golden flax, ground in blender

60 g chick pea flour

60 g Riverlea “No Rice” gluten free flour mix (see recipe in Gluten Free Tips page)

20g chia seeds

1 T sugar (optional)

1 T baking powder

1/8 t xanthum gum (optional)

1 t psyllium husk powder (optional)

Mix together
Seed Step (optional) Grease muffin top pan, then spread mixed seeds on bottom. Save a few for the top as well. I usually used sunflower, pumpkin, sesame, and poppy seeds. I like the srispy contrast of the seeds to the soft muffin.
Wet ingredients:

3 eggs

1/4 c oil (I use avocado or grape for neutral taste)

1/2 c water

Mix wet ingredients together, then dump into dry and stir until well blended batter forms.

Put batter immediately into muffin top or other cups, then let sit 3 minutes before baking.

Bake at 325 on convection for 20 minutes.

These muffin store well at room temperature for a couple days, but freeze very well for a month or more.

Salted Caramel Blondies, a Gluten Free Delight

Sunday, November 20th, 2016

These little squares of peanutty goodness disappear fast!

I have a large and ever growing cookbook library, and try not to buy more now unless they are something really different.  But, browsing through Indigo one day I came across the cookbook Sweet well known Los Angeles baker and confectioner Valerie Gordon.  All the recipes looked very interesting, but in particular I was intrigued by the salted caramel blondie recipe. Sooo…, my library expanded again, and I have to confess this is not the first time I have bought a cookbook for just one recipe!

Despite buying this mainly for the one recipe, there are so many others I want to try, this is a delightful cookbook, well written, beautifully photographed, and with interesting technique and ingredient combinations.

I can't wait to try the Apricot Basil Cream Galettes.

The recipe below is a gluten free adaptation, a little less sweet than the original, and without the chocolate chips because I wanted the peanut flavour to shine through without competition.  I warn you, these are delicious, and I now freeze them so we won’t eat the whole pan at once. Unless someone told you they are GF you would not know; they are as delicious as any wheat flour recipe.

Chewy or a little crunchier, just vary the baking time.

Salted Peanut Blondies GF Recipe

The original recipe used the usual cream the butter, add the sugar, then eggs, etc.  But because my mixer resides under the counter and is heavy, instead I used the Cuisinart method and it worked fine.   So pick the method you prefer, this type of batter is pretty forgiving.

Ingredient Method
2 cups Riverlea GF Flour mix.  (see note below)

1 ½ tsp xanthum gum

2 tsp psyllium husk powder

1 tsp baking powder

½ tsp kosher salt

Note: My 2 cups of the mix below weighed 240g

Mix all these dry ingredients in the food processor.

1 ½ sticks (6 oz) unsalted butter Add butter and pulse until the butter is in small pieces, but not so much the mix comes together like pie crust.  Dump this mix into a bowl.
1 ½ cups dark brown sugar Add brown sugar and mix all these dry ingredients until uniform.
2 eggs

1 tsp vanilla

Add eggs and vanilla, and mix until this becomes a very thick batter.  It will take muscle power!
¾ cup peanuts (not dry roasted)

Salt for sprinkling

Squish batter into greased 9×13 pan.  I used a pyrex so the size was slightly smaller. Spread peanuts evenly over batter and push them into the batter a little.  Lightly sprinkle salt on top.
Bake at 350 for about 20-25 minutes or longer, but this depends on your oven.  They are done when the edges are starting to brown and a toothpick will test clean.  If you want them really chewy take them out at this stage.  If you want a little firmer wait until the edges are darker brown, but these burn easily so I check the bottom of the glass pan to make sure they are not browning too much on the bottom.

Riverlea “No Rice” Gluten Free Flour Mix

I keep tweaking this mix.  It works well in most recipes where a medium density is the desired result.   I use this blend because my husband can only eat small quantities of rice, the main ingredient in most blends.  This mix is more nutritious than many of the rice based blends.  Lately I have been varying the bean flour part and so far other beans work best if you use two types.  In the mix for these brownies I used ½ garbanzo flour and ½ navy bean flour, but routinely I just use Bob’s Red Mill Garfava flour. I use this for pies, cakes, and cookies, and find that I can substitute it in wheat flour recipes by using the same or slightly more by volume. I do mill most of my own flours, which ensures a fresh taste, but purchasing the less well known flours such as Amaranth at a store that has a good turnover will work fine.

Ingredient By Volume By Weight
Garfava Flour (or other mix using two bean flours) 1 cup 120g
Arrowroot Flour 1 ½ cups 160g
Corn Starch 1 cup 125g
Buckwheat Flour ½ cup 60g
Amaranth Flour ¼ cup 25g  Note: you can mix the proportions of quinoa and amaranth as needed.
Quinoa Flour ¼ cup 25g

I love old plates. This is by Johnson Brothers,

Gluten Free Flax Muffin Tops

Wednesday, October 5th, 2016

Some mornings I get up and my dear hubbie has left me a surprise…an empty cookie tin with crumbs in it from my flax muffin tops.  This is to signal that I should make more of them asap so he does not suffer without them even one day. When I go travelling alone without him (he does not like to make porcelain dolls, speak French, or play recorder…most of which are connected to  my travel quests!)I have to ensure that a supply is on hand in the freezer.

There were a lot of flax recipes on the internet, so I tried a few and tinkered a lot, and I have what I think is a very nutritious, gluten free, tasty breakfast bread that can be toasted, can be a vehicle for jam or peanut butter, or my hubbie’s favourite, liver pate (go figure!). They also freeze very well, and easily keep a month, but I can’t proove this because the empty can usually shows up in a few days here at Riverlea.

Flax Muffin Tops

Dry ingredients:

200 g  (2  cups) ground golden flaxseed, (I grind it in dry container of vitamix)

2 TBL chia seeds

2 TBL hemp hearts

1 TBL baking powder

1/2 tsp salt

Wet Ingredients

3 eggs

3 TBL olive oil

1/2 cup water

Mix this all up in a bowl. Spoon batter into medium muffin greased muffin top pan. If you really want to get fancy put sesame or poppy seeds in the bottom of the wells first.   Let sit at least 3 minutes for the flaxseed to soak up the liquids before baking.  Bake 20 minutes at 350.

Remove from muffin top pan or at least push them up so they dont get sweaty.

Cool and eat or freeze.  If you dont have a muffin top pan this also works equally well as a flat bread, just spread out on a cookie sheet so the batter is about scant 1/2 inch think.

I’m posting this for a friend, pictures to come later.

Carrot Cake, Not too sweet and also gluten free!

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

Carrot cakes are ubiquitous, and I find many of them to be cloyingly sweet and too full of stuff like raisins and pineapple.  I especially hate it with cocoanut for some reason.  This carrot cake was supposed to keep the overall feel and spicing, but to be pure carrot cake and only a little sweet.

Picture to come after I bake this again and before it gets eaten!

I have been experimenting with adding nut and seed mixtures to baked goods after reading Peter Reinhart’s latest gluten free cookbook.  He uses all artificial sweeteners, which I generally avoid, so I am sticking with mostly sugar on the premise that you shouldn’t eat too much cake anyway.  I have found his cakes a little too fragile, so I have used his approach of the nut / seed mixtures and modified my flour to incorporate more nuts and seeds.  Because nuts and seed are higher in fats than other flour ingredients, I have found that reducing fat makes a better outcome.  I have made this cake several times now to rave reviews and requests for the recipe, so here it is.  I am also trying a few more modifications so I may update this later.  Also, don’t be alarmed that after a few hours the carrots oxidize and they look like little green specks.  I have usually added buttercream icing on just the top, but the cake is delicious without this as a less sweet nibble with coffee or tea.

Carrot Cake – Gluten Free

Developed by Shelley at

Ingredients Method
1 ¼ cup Family Mix gluten Free Flour

¼ cup sunflower meal

2 Tbl ground flax seeds

6 TBL sesame meal

¼ cup ground almonds

1 ½  tsp cinnamon

¼ tsp nutmeg

1 ½ tsp soda

1 ½ tsp baking powder

1 tsp guar gum

Note:  all the meal ingredients were ground in my little spice blender.

Mix all dry ingredients and set aside.

1/3 cup butter

½  cup brown sugar

½ cup white sugar

2 eggs

1 tsp vanilla

½ cup buttermilk

2 cups grated carrots

Cream eggs and sugar  until fluffy as you would for any cake.  Add eggs and blend until incorporated.  Add buttermilk and flour mixture in stages.

Add carrots to batter.  The batter will be firm and sticky.

Place in cake pan, 9” springform or medium rectangular (one size smaller than 9 x 13).  If needed wet fingers and press the batter down in the pan.

Bake at 350 until it looks well done.  The nut mixtures tend to need a little more baking time or they can end up undercooked and soggy.

Ice with any buttercream frosting just on the top.  I used 1 cup icing sugar to ½ cup butter. The overall effect of this cake should be just slightly sweet.

Family Mix Flour

1cup garfava flour (i use Bob’s Red Mill)

1 1/2 cup arrowroot flour

1 1/2 cup cornstarch (or sometimes I use  1 cup cornstarch and 1/2 cup buckwheat)

1/4 cup amaranth flour

1/4 cup quinoa flour

(you can use just quinoa or just amaranth and then use a 1/2 cup)

Chewy Ginger Cookies – Gluten Free

Saturday, December 22nd, 2012

These cookies are adapted from a recipe in the  LCBO Food and Drink magazine. As usual in
gluten free baking, I found that reducing the fat content was important. I also reduced
the sugar slightly, and they are still very sweet.  These are chewy if baked until just slightly turning brown, and crispier
if cooked a little longer. They freeze very well.

A note on ingredients, I have been experimenting with using psyllium husk as a binder.  What I have found so far is that it really does seem to help with liquid absorbtion and texture.  I have been using small quantities so far.  I did try a bread recipe with more, and it turned out well.

Chewy Ginger Cookies Recipe

Developed by Shelley at

Ingredients Method
2 cups family mix flour

1 Tbl psyllium husk

1 tsp guar gum

1/2 tsp xanthum gum

1 tsp cinnamon

1 Tbl dried ginger powder

1/2 tsp grounf cardamom

2 tsp baking soda

1/2 or slightly less chopped crystallized ginger

Mix dry indredients.
3/4 cup sugar

1/2 cup oil

1/4 cup molasses fancy type like Grandma’s

1 egg

Mix wet ingredients, then add to dry.

The dough should

be soft but hold it’s shape. Make small balls a little larger than walnuts. The larger

cookies will be chewier.

Bake at 350 for about 15 minutes depending on your oven.

The cookies will puff up very high at the beginning, then collapse into a crackled

looking flat cookie just before they are done. Let sit a few minutes before removing

from pan, they are very delicate when hot but firm up when cooled.

Family Mix Flour

1cup garfava flour (i use Bob’s Red Mill)

1 1/2 cup arrowroot flour

1 1/2 cup cornstarch

1/4 cup amaranth flour

1/4 cup quinoa flour

(you can use just quinoa or just amaranth and then use a 1/2 cup)

Peanut Butter Chocolate Tower – Gluten Free Version

Monday, September 5th, 2011

I have had a recipe for chocolate towers marked for a long time in Emily Luchetti’s cookbook, and finally decided I would make it.  After looking over the components, it looked like a recipe that could easily be made gluten free.  I also thought the coffee flavouring sounded ok, but since I didn’t have any instant coffee I looked in the cupboard for inspiration and found some peanut butter.  Alas the inspiration of a chef sometimes comes from sheer practicality.

I made the cake in a rectangular pan and cut out the chocolate rounds. To make the mousse the right size I looked through my dishes and found some souffle dishes that were about the same size.

The chocolate topping is sort of like a really thick sauce, so it slithers over the edge just enough before the frigid mouse stops it in its tracks.  The chocolate recipe ended up making enough for another batch, so I made this dessert twice in one week.  Greg is tired of it now, but it was a big hit until we ate too much of it.  This is a really good company dessert because it can all be made even a day before you need it, and even freezes well.

Emily Luchetti has written several cookbooks, and I have found them all great.  A Passion for Desserts is an excellent cookbook, and has the original  Chocolate Tower recipe (non gluten-free).

So, with thanks to Emily Luchetti for the inspiration, but the final recipe has been tweaked a fair bit and I am naming it Choco-peanut  Tower.

Read on for the recipe… (more…)

Appam, Daring Cooks Challenge

Sunday, August 14th, 2011

Mary, who writes the delicious blog, Mary Mary Culinary was our August Daring Cooks’ host.
Mary chose to show us how delicious South Indian cuisine is! She challenged us to make Appam and another South
Indian/Sri Lankan dish to go with the warm flat bread.

In the challenge, we could make any of several curries, so I decided to choose the recipe for shrimp curry included in the challenge.  I had all the ingredients on hand because I make Indian food frequently.  I even had some curry leaves salted away in the freezer, thank heavens for my Toronto shopping trips to Albion and Kipling.   I followed the recipe, but added dark chick peas, zucchini, and cauliflour to the pot.  The resulting curry was very good, so try this recipe (the full recipes are here: ).  I also used my new copper saute pan, and you wont belive it, copper rocks.  It heats really evenly and things brown and carmelize, just what you need for a good sauce.  Thanks to my son for convincing me of the merits of French copper pots.

I have made dosas, a similar batter before.  The addition of yeast made the fermentation go faster, so I will try this technique the next time I make dosas as well.  The appams are really nice, the fermentation gives them a subtle complexity of flavour. I used my electric crepe maker and used the wooden gizmo to spread the dough around.  I love making crepes!!


Daring Bakers Challenge: Framboisiers

Sunday, July 31st, 2011

Jana of Cherry Tea Cakes was our July Daring Bakers’ host and she challenges us to make Fresh Frasiers inspired by recipes written by Elisabeth M. Prueitt and Chad Robertson in the beautiful cookbook Tartine.

This was a great challenge, and something I had never made before.  I really like the Tartine cookbook, and have made several other recipes in it, so I thought the recipe would be tasty.   I used the recipes with a gluten free adaptation (explanation below) that worked out well.  I have a lovely raspberry patch in fruit right now, so the “Frasier”  turned into a “Framboisier”  with a few ripe blueberries thrown in.  See a very thorough recipe and explanation of the steps here:  Daring Bakers Frasier Challenge and Recipes.  I used a chocolate ganache for the topping, and pansies for decoration.  The final cake tasted great, and looked ok.  I would try to have a more dramatic side next time, and strawberries seem to be better for that precise pastry look.  I made 4 small cakes just so I could have leftovers that still looked decent.

There are pictures on the Daring Bakers site of amazing creativity with this challenge.  One of the best parts of participating in these challenges is seeing what others have done with the recipes and concepts.

I usually use many flours in gluten free baking, but recently saw a gluten free mix in a magazine called Canadian Family that did not have rice, so I tried it and substituted it for the flour amount called for in the recipe.  The resulting sponge cake was delicious, and I will definitely make it again.

Changes to the Daring Bakers recipe (link above)

  • gluten free flour mix instead of wheat flour
  • added 1/4 tsp guar gum to the flour
  • used 5 egg yolks and 5 egg whites (instead of three and 5)

Gluten Free Flour Mix from Canadian Family:

  • 1/2 cup garfava flour
  • 1/4 cup amaranth flour
  • 3/4 cup corn starch
  • 3/4 cup arrowroot flour

This makes more than you need, so use it in something else too!

The resulting cake was delicious, you really could not tell it was gluten free.

Panna Cotta with Florentines

Monday, February 28th, 2011

The February 2011 Daring Bakers’ challenge was hosted by Mallory from A Sofa in the Kitchen. She chose to challenge everyone to make Panna Cotta from a Giada De Laurentiis recipe and Nestle Florentine Cookies.

I have made florentines before and they are very yummy – far better than the ones you find in bakeries, although they are really not too common anymore.  Because I needed a gluten free version, I looked through a few cookbooks and found an interesting recipe which used no flour in Chocolate Ephipany by Francois Payard.  The result was sort of a butter brickle flavour with crunchy almonds and candied orange.  They are absolutely delicious!! The dark side is that you cant stop eating them so between the florentines and the cream in the panna cotta I gained 2 pounds this week!! I am having nightmares about barbells.

For the panna cotta, I used a slightly different recipe than Gina’s because I didn’t have 3 cups of whip cream.  I found a similar recipe in Dolce Italiano by Gina De Palma and used it with ricotta for some of the cream.  But I didnt have ricotta either so I used sour cream, and the result was delicious.  This is my first attempt at panna cotta, and it is very easy.  The taste is really similar to creme brulee, but less work and no baking, so I will make this again.  I am freezing some to see how it fares, and since I have recently frozen bavarian I think it will work!!.  I have to freeze some so I dont gain even more weight!!! so it is really a self preservation technique.

Both of the above are excellent cookbooks.  I have seen Chocolate Epiphany remaindered at Chapters recently, and it has an amazing recipe for chocolate cookies that have no butter but are wonderful.

Thanks to Mallory for a great combination of flavours in this challenge.

I am posting the recipe for the florentines because it is gluten free and devinely delicious.  If you want the panna cotta recipe there are dozens on the internet, or email me.


Recipe Adapted from Chocolate Epiphany by Francois Payard.

My attempt at these resulted in a wonderful taste, but the cooked sheets  were not easy to handle and I ended up just breaking them up into pieces instead of having nicely shaped cookies from a cookie cutter.  I found them really buttery, so next time I will try a little less butter to see if that works.  But, these are divinely  delicious, so consider making them!

Ingredients Method
13 TB (195 grams) unsalted butter

1 1/8 cup sugar

1/3 cup milk

¼ cup honey or corn syrup

Combine all of these and cook in a saucepan until a candy thermometer reaches 230F

Remove from heat and add the next ingredients.

2 ¼ cups sliced almonds

1/3 cup candied orange peel

Add to the cooked mixture above.

Note: This batter can be kept for about 3 days in the fridge if you want to bake later.

Baking Step:

I found the baking quite variable, so you really need to watch this step rather than rely on timing.

Spread the batter very thinly (cover the area completely, but not too think, about 1/8 inch) on a silpat or parchment paper (silpat is better) and bake at 350 for about 8 minutes.  The batter should be a golden brown, so you need to watch it and it will depend on how think etc.
Cutting Step:

The batter will be very runny even when cooked, but as it cools it becomes malleable.  The process is really like nougat.

In the recipe it says to cool slightly and then cut with a cookie cutter.  I found this did not work too well, so  after trying individual cookies and other experiments I just gave up and treated it like a big sheet of candy bark that I cut with kitchen scissors into pieces.  This worked well but they are not too uniform.
Tempered dark chocolate layer:

About 5 oz dark chocolate (I used  house brand candy bars from Metro that is 72% chocolate)

Melt the chocolate, then spread in a thin layer on the back of each cookie piece.  The recipe says to spread with a fork to get the characteristic wavy lines, but my cookies were so thin that I gave up and just spread a think layer.
Serve or Freeze These are best straight out of the freezer.  They are very delicate, so freezing is the best way to keep them intact and also my freezer is down stairs so I get exercise before devouring them.

Tempura and Buckwheat Noodles-Daring Cooks Challenge

Sunday, February 20th, 2011

The February 2011 Daring Cooks’ challenge was hosted by Lisa of Blueberry Girl. She challenged Daring Cooks to make Hiyashi Soba and Tempura. She has various sources for her challenge including,, and

I am late posting this but trying to do the challenges.  I am not posting recipes for this because I had to turn the recipes into gluten free, and although all were ok, they were not great, so you dont really want to have these recipes unless I try to perfect them.

I used fresh ground buckwheat flour for 75% of the noodle mix.  Next time I would skip the whole grain buckwheat because it looks nasty and does not really add to the taste.  I made lasagna noodles a few days later with just ground hulled buckwheat and I was a lot happier with them.  I used a peanut satay recipe on the noodles, and it was quite good.  Overall, I don’t really love cold noodles.

I absolutely love tempura at our local Wabura restaurant.  I have made it at home several times, but again my conclusion is that this can be made better in a restaurant where they have a good fryer and can serve everyone at once.  Having said that, the restaurant version has wheat in it, so I will continue to make it once in a while for poor Greg.  Instead of wheat flour I substituted a ration of two parts rice flour to 1 part tapioca flour.  The batter came out really good for the first few, crispy and delicious, but then seemed to grow soggy.  Maybe it was that the oil was getting a little water in it, who knows.

This was another good Daring Cooks adventure, but I am going back to Wabura for my next tempura fix, and cold noodles….well, just not my favourite dish. Thanks to Lisa for the clallenge. Blueberry Girl blog

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